Goa is famous all over the world for its sandy beaches and the rays of the dazzling sun. As rich as Goa is as a tourist destination, its history is equally grand and culturally invaluable. People are not unaware of the Portuguese history of Goa but are you familiar with the traditional dress of Goa? As you walk through the countryside of Goa, you will catch a glimpse of the tribal history of Goa in the distinctive red check print sarees worn by the women of Goa.
This simple yet vibrant garment that has changed over time is one of the remaining monuments of the Kunbi and Gavda tribal tribes that lived around the hills of Goa in ancient times. So, let’s know about the Goa traditional dress name.
Fashion and History of Goa
The traditional dress of Goa is a mixture of Portuguese and Hindu influences. For men, Goa national dress includes a dhoti, also known as a mundu, paired with a short-sleeved shirt and a turban.
Women traditionally wear a sari, often made of bright, vibrant fabrics. The saree is teamed with a blouse and a dupatta, called a “pallu”.
In modern times, the traditional Goan costume has been replaced by more Western clothing, but it is still commonly seen during festivals and special events.
The traditional dress of Goa is often brightly colored and decorated with intricate embroidery, reflecting the state’s rich cultural heritage.
No one garment can be called the traditional costume here. Kunbi sarees, Pano Bhaju to midi dresses, and resort wear are in vogue here.
Christmas, Easter, Carnival, Diwali, Shigmo (Vasantotsav), Chavoth (Ganesh Chaturthi), Samvatsar Padav (Gudi Padwa), Dussehra, etc. are the main festivals celebrated here. The costumes here can be known in detail through the festivals.
It is said that Goans are born for music and sports. Music was a household presence in Goa during the Portuguese rule. The cultural dances of Goa include Dekni, Fugdi, Corridinho, Mando, Dulpod, and Fado.
Kunbi is a tribal tribe living in Goa, whose dress has become the identity of Goa dress name today.
Kunbi is a cotton saree with small squares in white. Farmers and working women wear this sari with a checks pattern.
Silk threads are used in its border dobby (a type of cloth weaving). The check pattern of the saree is also considered Navagraha or Navaratna.
The literal meaning of Kunbi is Kun meaning people and Bi meaning seed meaning people who make many seeds from one seed. This fabric was originally the identity of farmers and workers.
Before the 1940s, this six-yard saree was worn without a blouse in such a way that it covered the front and back of the body. Now there are many ways to wear it.
- Basically, Kunbi is red in color. Apart from this, it has some fixed colors, which have been decided according to the lifestyle.
- Yellow (Kesar) color is the symbol of youth.
- Red is called Tamodh and green is called Hirwa.
- Purple is worn during marriage and black during old age and death. The men wear red-white dhoti called Kashti and easily climb the coconut tree.
- The way of tying it by women is also special. In this, the saree is worn to the knees by making pleats, and the pallu is tied on the shoulder by tying a knot.
- Here, in cultural dances like Fugdi, and Dhalo, women wear only Kunbi saree with red and white squares.
- The reddish-white Kunbi saree is believed to be worn only by married women, while the light purple color is worn by widows.
- Most of the women here wear the Maharashtrian Nauvari i.e. nine yards saree.
- Nauvari Kunbi is also available in Dahwari and Chavvari forms with big, short lengths. With this, women make a bun of hair and decorate it with Gajra.
- Wearing gold coils, and rings by applying bindi or tilak on the forehead. Apart from this, Walo (small towel), Tuvalo (towel), Chador (sheet), and the traditional Godda saree were also made.
- The women of some tribes wear a garment made of tree bark i.e. Valkal with a garland of different beads.
It is a typical garment worn by women in Goa. A dhoti-like skirt is worn with an embroidered blouse and a stole or dupatta is put over it. Mando, the folk dance of Goa, is performed wearing this dress.
Mando was a musical festival celebrated among the Catholics of Goa in the 19th and 20th centuries. Men wear formal clothes, while women wear Pano Bhaju.
Earlier this dress was made of muslin, silk, on which gold or silver work was done. Red, blue, and green colors were prominent in this.
Whereas the color of the stole was blue or white. With this socks were worn of white color.
Goa falls in the Konkan region and the population of many areas here is dependent on fish-based business.
The costumes of fishermen are different. Men here wear knee-length lungis with a colorful T-shirt or vest.
A cap, usually of red color, is worn on the head. On the occasion of marriage, men wear a white lungi with a colorful T-shirt, which has silk threadwork on the border. Whereas, women wear a Kashta saree.
The Kashta saree is also worn in Maharashtra. This Nauvari saree is tied only above the knee so that it is easy to work.
Peasant women keep a simple pallu, while Koli women wear it in two parts. One part is used for the lower dhoti and the other is worn as a dupatta.
In addition to traditional dress, visitors to Goa will see a mix of Western and Indian fashion, with many locals wearing casual, beach-friendly clothing during the day and more formal attire in the evening.
Regardless of what people are wearing, Goa’s relaxed, laid-back atmosphere is evident in the way everyone is dressed.