Why Smoking Is Injurious To Health?

smoking is injurious to health
smoking is injurious to health
smoking is injurious to health

smoking is injurious to health− a well known statutory warning found in every packet of cigarette. But what are the reasons due to which it causes more deaths than alcohol or drug usage?

The effect of cigarette smoking is the deadliest because of its addiction. It can be quite easy to light up a cigarette. But it takes a toll to quit smoking.

Cigarette smoking in general can reduce human life expectancy by 25 years. Here is the list of how smoking can be injurious to our different body parts.

Heart

Smoking causes to build a dense layer of plaque in the blood. This plaque gets attached to the walls of arteries− a phenomenon is known as atherosclerosis.

This in turn causes the arteries to become narrow and hence reduces the blood flow and in turn increases the chances of blood clotting.

The narrowing of the arteries results in increased blood pressure and heart rate which can eventually lead to cardiac arrest and coronary heart disease.

Moreover, the presence of carbon monoxide and nicotine in cigarettes make the heart work harder and faster, making smokers difficult to exercise.

Lungs

Smoking causes the greatest amount of injury to the lungs. It destroys the small hairs present in upper parts of airways and damages the air sacs (known as alveoli).

The hairs protect the lungs from foreign particles and germs by acting as a shield. While this natural cleaning system is damaged, germs and other harmful particles can enter the lungs freely.

The most common lung and respiratory problems caused by smoking are as follows−

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)− This is a long-term disease and it causes wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness.
  • Chronic bronchitis− This is caused by the production of large amounts of mucus leading to a cough. The airways become inflamed and get blocked leading to infection.
  • Emphysema− this disease reduces the number of sacs in the lungs and breaks the walls in between and hence destroys the patient’s ability to breathe, even when resting.

Other diseases include pneumonia, asthma and tuberculosis.

Digestive and immune system

Smoking causes injury to our health by causing heart burns and by delaying the healing of peptic ulcers.

It also affects body’s natural immune system, as a result causing auto-immune diseases like Crohn’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis.

Eyes

Smoking causes injury to delicate blood vessels of our eyes. It causes bloodshot appearance of eyes and itching, leading to cataract and increased chances of degeneration and loss of eyesight.

Skin

Smoking leads to deprivation of oxygen to the skin leading to the loss of its texture. This makes the skin dull and gray and speeds up the process of aging.

Smoking can prematurely age the skin by 10-20 years, creating facial wrinkles around the eyes and mouth more rapidly.

Mouth

Smoking causes bad breath and staining of teeth. The deposition of plaque around the teeth causes a yellowish film.

This leads to gum diseases and the loss of tooth. Moreover, smoking causes damage to the sense of taste.

Bones

smoking is injurious to health our body as it depletes the amount of calcium in our bones making them weak and brittle. This can gradually lead to osteoporosis and broken bones.

Smoking also affects the blood vessels in hands and legs causing chronic pain. This can further lead to gangrene of toes and feet.

Brain

Smoking causes the chances of stroke which can lead to brain damage and death.

It can cause a brain aneurysm, which occurs when blood vessel weakens and creates a bulge. This bulge can burst and cause subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Reproduction and fertility

Smoking can have a huge effect in deciding the fate of the future generation too.

  • In men− smoking is injurious to health causes erectile dysfunction, lowers the sperm count and impairs sperm motility.
  • In women− Smoking imbalances the estrogen hormone. It causes dryness of vagina and reduces blood flow to the genitals. smoking is injurious to health ,Smoking increases the chances of miscarriage, premature birth, and fetal death.

Cancer

smoking is injurious to health :- Smoking causes cancer of lungs, larynx, oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, kidney, cervix, liver, pancreas, stomach, colon/rectum, and bladder.

Tobacco smoke has around 7000 chemicals in it and around 70 substances are directly linked to the causing of cancer.

Around 87% of lung cancer deaths are caused due to smoking.

Cigars, pipe-smoking, menthol cigarettes and all other forms of tobacco can cause cancer and health related problems. There is no safe way of using tobacco. So quit tobacco to save yourself and your loved ones.

Four Ways to Focus on Your Health and Wellness

health and wellness
health and wellness
health and wellness

health and wellness :- Good health is indeed the wealthiest possession of a person. Nothing can give the peak of satisfaction a sound and good health can give.

Our body is like a temple and good health and wellness is the god within which needs to be taken care of from time to time.

Good health and wellness does not necessarily mean having a great physique from the outside. It also means having a healthy mind and lifestyle from the inside.

Here are the four ways by which one can focus on their health and wellness.

Having a balanced diet

A diet comprising of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals in the right amount should be taken.

There should be a balance between the right amounts of all the ingredients. Too much carbohydrate or fats could lead to obesity. While lesser amounts of vitamins and minerals can lead to diseases.

Along with a balanced diet, milk and other dairy products should be consumed. Milk is itself treated as a complete diet and is essential for good health and wellness.

Apart from all of these it is equally important to take enough amounts of fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables are the storehouse of minerals and vitamins.

Apples are extremely rich in important antioxidants which reduce the risks of developing cancer, hypertension, diabetes and heart disease.

Having green vegetables and fruits is a must to have a healthy lifestyle. These are a storehouse of vitamins and minerals which is very helpful for our body.

Oranges and lemons are rich in Vitamin C which is essential to repair and maintain cartilage, bones and teeth.

Mangoes and papayas are rich in beta carotene and help in the oxidation of LDL cholesterol. This prevents atherosclerosis, heart attacks or strokes.

Dry fruits such as figs, dates, apricots and raisins act as excellent laxative and are a great natural remedy for anaemic conditions.

Apart from protecting us from many diseases, fruits and vegetables gives our skin a natural texture and glow.

Having adequate amount of water

Water is the most essential component for all the bodily functions. It helps to remove waste products, carry essential nutrients and oxygen throughout the body.

Having less amounts of water can lead to disruption in the bodily functions. Our body loses water at a constant rate− be it sweating or urine or by stool. So to maintain proper health and wellness the amount of water should be replenished at all times.

Water leads to proper digestion of food and eases the bowel movements of our body. It also leads to softening of the stool.

Having more amounts of water can lead to loss of weight. This is because having more amounts of water will kill the need of getting food and it turn will lead to loss in body weight.

So more proper health and wellness one must have the right amount of water needed for our body. Besides this, purified water which is devoid of any germs should always be used for drinking.

Getting enough sleep

Our body is like a machine which needs rest after hours of working. Sleep is body’s natural way of getting rest from the daily curriculum.

Getting around 8 hours of daily sleep contributes to a good health and wellness. It refreshes the body and makes it prepare for the next day’s activities.

Lack of proper amount of sleep can lead to cell decay and crunching of the skin leading to premature aging which is never a good sign.

Have a healthy mind and restrain from bad habits

It is true that real beauty always comes from within. Along with a healthy body a healthy mind is needed for a better health and wellness.

Meditation is great way to achieve a healthy mind. Meditation calms the mind and quietens the soul which leads to inner peace.

Negativity and having a depressed mind can lead to an unhappy life. Choosing the right bunch of friends and living a life of purpose can bring positivity and hence contributes to a healthy lifestyle.

Bad habits like smoking and consumption of alcohol should be avoided at all times.

Alcohol has a bad effect on brain, liver and other major organs. It affects the cerebellum and leads to loss of control. Excess intake of alcohol can cause liver cirrhosis.

Smoking has a wide range of bad effects. From plaque to cancer, it is the reason for most of the deaths caused from cancer.

So in order to have a good health and wellness one should definitely stop smoking and reduce the consumption of alcohol.

5 Types of Medical Marijuana for Pain Relief have a look

Medical Marijuana
Medical Marijuana
Medical Marijuana

Among all aliments and pain, chronic pain can be the most uncomfortable one. It is one of the many reasons that patients seek out for medical marijuana these days.

Whether it is inflammation, headaches, neuropathic pain, muscle soreness, spinal injury, fibromyalgia or cramps, medical marijuana can do wonders.

How does medical marijuana help?

According to a report of NASEM, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), the cannabinoid compounds that come from the cannabis plant, are very effective for treatment of pain.

This happens due to the natural cannabinoid receptors present in our body that play a role in pain control.

Different types of medical marijuana strains

There are dozens of medical marijuana strains that are available in the market. So it is important for the patient to choose the right kind of strain which would be effective for the pain.

Here are the top 5 medical marijuana strains which are considered the best worldwide.

  1. White Widow

White Widow is a hybrid medical marijuana strain which is derived from two different strains− South Indian Indica and South American, which is a Sativa strain.

This medical marijuana strain acts as an excellent pain reliever uplifting the patient’s mood and gives him energy as well as a euphoric feeling.

It is used for the treatment of stress, depression and lack of appetite. Due to its ability to leave the patient in a state of euphoria, it is often used for the treatment of mental illness.

  1. Blue Dream

The name of this medical marijuana strain has come from its taste of fruity flavour which is similar to that of a blueberry. Smokers enjoy the taste of it.

This medical marijuana strain is a hybrid cross between the Sativa Haze and Blueberry Indica.

The THC content present in the Blue Dream falls in the range of 17-24% while CBD content ranges from 0.1-0.2%.

Blue Dream is a significant reliever of pain and is used for the treatment of depression and stress relief.

  1. Bubba Kush

This medical marijuana strain is derived from the land of Hindu Kush and this unique strain offers smokers an earthy flavour.

As it is based on Indica, apart from relieving pain, it provides relaxation and an effect of sleepiness to those who enjoy it.

This medical marijuana strain has a THC content ranging in between 14-22% and the content of CBD ranges from 0.6-1%.

It is considered as an alternative to sleeping aids, such as valium, and is considered as the marijuana sleeping pill.

It is very effecting in treating insomnia and does wonders during bedtime relieving the smoker of stress and depression.

  1. AK−47

This has nothing to do with the rifle of the very same name. This marijuana strain is a mixture of different strains which includes South American, Mexican, Thai Sativa strains and Afghani Indica strain.

This medical marijuana strain is not only effective in relieving pain. But it also eliminates any kind of stress and manages the level of depression.

As this is a Sativa dominant strain, it is an excellent provider of upliftment of energy. So it would be very wise not to smoke this before going to sleep.

  1. Jack Herer

This medical marijuana strain is named after the cannabis activist, Jack Herer, himself. And like the activist, this cannabis strain is also very effective.

This strain is made by the crossing of other strains such as Shiva Skunk, Northern Lights and a Haze Hybrid.

The THC content of this medical strain falls between 18-23%. While the CBD content ranges between 0.03-0.2%.

This powerful medical marijuana strain, with the benefits of Sativa, helps in the treatment of depression, lack of appetite and fatigue in addition to the removal of pain.

How to consume these medical marijuana strains

The consumption of these strains depends totally on personal preference. While one would prefer to turn these strains into blunt cones or joints, while another would prefer taking the hit from a bong.

Apart from these, the other ways to enjoy the consumption of medical marijuana are as follows−

  • Dabbing− This is a flash-vaporization technique which includes inhaling the vapours of butane hash oil (BHO) which gives an intense high feeling.
  • Vaporizers− Consumption through a vaporizer with as much as 80% THC would act as a pain reliever without causing any harm to the lungs.
  • Edibles− The marijuana can also be consumed as a weed brownie or cookie. A few drops of Cannabis oil can also be used while cooking.

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Some Fitness Competition Diet

Fitness competition Diet
Fitness competition Diet

Fitness competition Diet is more than just a beauty pageant. Although one has to spend just 30 seconds on the stage, yet the preparation for that grand moment is not an easy job.

Apart from hard work, an athlete must focus on his/her diet. A Fitness competition Diet plan is about building muscle and losing fat.

Proper intake of calories for muscle retention

The key to maintaining muscles while losing fat is to intake the right amount of calories.

Too much of calories will lead to accumulation of fat while taking less amount of calories will prevent the building of muscles.

A gradual loss of 1 pound a week is ideal for maintaining that balance. By reducing the calorie intake by 500 calories a day than regular, one should promote a 1-pound weekly weight loss.

Balancing between carbohydrates, proteins, and fats

A fitness competitor needs to know how to maintain the balance between the intake of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

Generally, a high-carbohydrate diet is recommended for athletes. But according to a study, a fitness competitor may get better results eating higher amounts of protein.

In general, a fitness competitor should consume 2.3 grams to 3.1 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. For a 120-pound fitness competitor, it is generally 125 grams to 169 grams.

Carbohydrates should be determined according to the competitor’s body type. As carbohydrates are the main reason for the production of fats, one must keep a keen look on the amount of carbohydrate one intakes.

There should be healthy fats in the diet as well. For a fitness competitor, a good diet should contain 20-30g of fat, and supplement with nuts or nut butter should be taken to ensure reaching those numbers.

Fifteen to thirty percent of calories should come from fat, while the rest should come from carbohydrates.

Say no to junk foods

A fitness competitor should eliminate the intake of junk food from the very first day. Junk foods tend to add extra fats to our body and disrupt the rhythm of a balanced diet.

Limit cheat meals to one day on the weekend. Start buying and cooking food items at home, and also by weighing and measuring portions.

A Fitness competition Diet should get restricted to simple sugars that are found in fruits and complex carbohydrates. Say no to junk food sweets or candy.

Full-fat dairy products should be replaced by low-fat or fat-free versions. Along with these a Fitness competition Diet should increase the intake of fiber gradually to 35g per day.

The right supplements

  • Multi-Vitamin/Mineral− This is an absolute necessity. While on reduced calories and strenuous exercise, one is depleting the body of its necessary vitamins and nutrients. So doubling this supplement can also be done.
  • Extra Vitamin C− As there is rigorous training, the immune system is severely weakened. Vitamin C is needed to boost it.
  • Extra Calcium− Most multivitamins contain 500 mg of calcium. An additional 500 mg in morning and evening doses in needed to meet the minimum requirement.
  • Glucosamine Complex− Glucosamine helps in rebuilding cartilage around the joints and hence prevents injuries which might be caused due to rigorous training.
  • Water− A minimum of 3-4 liters per day should be taken. Apart from many bodily functions, it keeps the skin clear and helps the fitness competitor to feel full while dieting.

Consistency and when and what to eat

Eat three to six meals a day. Eat a meal or snack two hours prior workout, and a carbohydrate and protein snack immediately after.

Be consistent from the very first day to get a good result during the Fitness competition Diet.

The perfect balanced diet

A 120-pound fitness competitor should take 150 grams of protein, 20 grams of fat and 130 grams of carbohydrates.

For breakfast, seven egg whites scrambled in 1 teaspoon of oil, one slice of whole wheat toast and one half of a small banana.

For a mid-morning snack, 3 ounces of tuna with whole-grain crackers and an apple.

For lunch, 3 ounces of grilled chicken with 3 cups of mixed greens, 2 tablespoons of raisins, balsamic vinegar and 1 tablespoon of olive oil.

For a mid-afternoon snack, 3/4 cups of non-fat cottage cheese with 1 cup of fresh pineapple.

For dinner, 3 ounces of broiled salmon with 2 cups of steamed broccoli and 1/3 cup of brown rice.

End the day with half of a turkey sandwich made with one slice of whole white-bread, 3 ounces of lean turkey and 1 cup of carrot sticks.

Some Health Benefits of Coconut Oil

Benefits of Coconut Oil

Benefits of Coconut Oil
Benefits of Coconut Oil

Benefits of Coconut Oil In the wide world of flora and fauna, coconut trees stand apart mainly for its overall usefulness. In fact, the fruit alone and the oil that is extracted from it have many benefits in the world of medicine and cosmetics.

Presence of saturated fats #Benefits of Coconut Oil

When generally thinking of using any kind of oil during cooking, the first thing that pops in our mind is the amount of fat the oil contains. Coconut oil is more than 90% saturated fat or about 11.8 grams per 15 milliliters compared to about 63% or 7.2 grams for the same amount of butter.

This saturated fat is generally considered to be ‘bad’ fat that tends to increase the cholesterol level, especially the bad cholesterol. But this theory does not apply in case of coconut oil.

About half of the saturated fats are medium-chain fatty acids which are easier to digest than the long-chain fatty acids present in most oils, including butter.

These medium-chain fatty acids go straight from digestive tract to the liver and become a quick source of energy. This itself is one of the great health benefits of coconut oil.

Ketones− good for epilepsy #Benefits of Coconut Oil

Apart from producing energy, the medium-chain fatty acids are also turned into ketones in the liver which acts as a natural medicine for epileptic patients.

The diet of epileptic patients should include a very little carbohydrate and the large amount of fats, which increases the concentration of ketones in the blood.

The ketones can dramatically reduce the rate of seizures in epileptic patients.

Effect on cholesterol #Benefits of Coconut Oil

Another great health benefit of coconut oil is that it levels cholesterol in the blood. The saturated fat present in the coconut oil increases the good HDL cholesterol in our body also Benefits of Coconut Oil.

Besides that, it also helps to convert the bad LDL cholesterol into less harmful form.

Studies have shown that coconut oil reduces triglycerides, total and LDL cholesterol. It also increases HDL and improves blood coagulation factors and antioxidant status.

This proves to a great health benefit of coconut oil, as it increases the longevity of heart and decreases the risk of cardiac arrest.

Effect on Alzheimer’s #Benefits of Coconut Oil

Alzheimer’s disease in the most common cause of dementia, especially in elderly patients. The cause of the disease is due to the reduced ability to use carbohydrates for energy in certain parts of the brain.

Studies have shown that ketones can be an alternative option for providing the energy source to these malfunctioning brain cells.

Consumption of medium chain triglycerides through the coconut oil can improve brain function and hence reduce the symptoms of Alzheimer’s.

Helps to burn more fat #Benefits of Coconut Oil

Obesity is currently one of the biggest health problems in the world. This is caused due to the less burning of body calories and hence accumulation of the excess amount of fat.

This fat gets accumulated especially in the abdominal cavity and around organs. This is the most dangerous fat of all and is associated with many chronic diseases.

Studies have shown that coconut oil can be very effective dealing with these fats.

The medium-chain triglycerides in coconut oil have been shown to increase calories burned over 24 hours by as much as 5%. This can, in turn, reduce the body weight.

Reduces appetite #Benefits of Coconut Oil

Another health benefit of coconut oil is that it reduces appetite. This happens mainly because of the metabolization of fats into ketones, which has an appetite reducing the effect.

Studies have shown this to be a short-term effect. Had it been longer, it could have a dramatic influence on body weight over several years.

Kills harmful micro-organisms #Benefits of Coconut Oil

Almost 50% of the fatty acids in coconut oil is the 12-carbon Lauric acid. When this acid is digested, it forms a substance called Monolaurin.

Both Monolaurin and Lauric acid is capable of killing bacteria, virus and fungi.

Studies have shown that these substances are capable of killing Staphylococcus Aureus, which is a very dangerous pathogen.

They are also capable in killing the yeast Candida Albicans, a common source of yeast infection in humans.

Usage as cosmetic and moisturizing agent Benefits of Coconut Oil

Many people use coconut oil as a cosmetic to improve the health and appearance of their hair and skin.

It improves the moisture and fat content of the skin and also acts as a sunscreen by protecting the skin from sun’s UV rays.

It moisturizes the hair and prevents them from getting damaged.

It can be used as a mouthwash in a process called oil pulling, which kills bacteria in the mouth, improves dental health and reduces bad breath.