Why Smoking Is Injurious To Health?

smoking is injurious to health
smoking is injurious to health
smoking is injurious to health

smoking is injurious to health− a well known statutory warning found in every packet of cigarette. But what are the reasons due to which it causes more deaths than alcohol or drug usage?

The effect of cigarette smoking is the deadliest because of its addiction. It can be quite easy to light up a cigarette. But it takes a toll to quit smoking.

Cigarette smoking in general can reduce human life expectancy by 25 years. Here is the list of how smoking can be injurious to our different body parts.


Smoking causes to build a dense layer of plaque in the blood. This plaque gets attached to the walls of arteries− a phenomenon is known as atherosclerosis.

This in turn causes the arteries to become narrow and hence reduces the blood flow and in turn increases the chances of blood clotting.

The narrowing of the arteries results in increased blood pressure and heart rate which can eventually lead to cardiac arrest and coronary heart disease.

Moreover, the presence of carbon monoxide and nicotine in cigarettes make the heart work harder and faster, making smokers difficult to exercise.


Smoking causes the greatest amount of injury to the lungs. It destroys the small hairs present in upper parts of airways and damages the air sacs (known as alveoli).

The hairs protect the lungs from foreign particles and germs by acting as a shield. While this natural cleaning system is damaged, germs and other harmful particles can enter the lungs freely.

The most common lung and respiratory problems caused by smoking are as follows−

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)− This is a long-term disease and it causes wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness.
  • Chronic bronchitis− This is caused by the production of large amounts of mucus leading to a cough. The airways become inflamed and get blocked leading to infection.
  • Emphysema− this disease reduces the number of sacs in the lungs and breaks the walls in between and hence destroys the patient’s ability to breathe, even when resting.

Other diseases include pneumonia, asthma and tuberculosis.

Digestive and immune system

Smoking causes injury to our health by causing heart burns and by delaying the healing of peptic ulcers.

It also affects body’s natural immune system, as a result causing auto-immune diseases like Crohn’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis.


Smoking causes injury to delicate blood vessels of our eyes. It causes bloodshot appearance of eyes and itching, leading to cataract and increased chances of degeneration and loss of eyesight.


Smoking leads to deprivation of oxygen to the skin leading to the loss of its texture. This makes the skin dull and gray and speeds up the process of aging.

Smoking can prematurely age the skin by 10-20 years, creating facial wrinkles around the eyes and mouth more rapidly.


Smoking causes bad breath and staining of teeth. The deposition of plaque around the teeth causes a yellowish film.

This leads to gum diseases and the loss of tooth. Moreover, smoking causes damage to the sense of taste.


smoking is injurious to health our body as it depletes the amount of calcium in our bones making them weak and brittle. This can gradually lead to osteoporosis and broken bones.

Smoking also affects the blood vessels in hands and legs causing chronic pain. This can further lead to gangrene of toes and feet.


Smoking causes the chances of stroke which can lead to brain damage and death.

It can cause a brain aneurysm, which occurs when blood vessel weakens and creates a bulge. This bulge can burst and cause subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Reproduction and fertility

Smoking can have a huge effect in deciding the fate of the future generation too.

  • In men− smoking is injurious to health causes erectile dysfunction, lowers the sperm count and impairs sperm motility.
  • In women− Smoking imbalances the estrogen hormone. It causes dryness of vagina and reduces blood flow to the genitals. smoking is injurious to health ,Smoking increases the chances of miscarriage, premature birth, and fetal death.


smoking is injurious to health :- Smoking causes cancer of lungs, larynx, oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, kidney, cervix, liver, pancreas, stomach, colon/rectum, and bladder.

Tobacco smoke has around 7000 chemicals in it and around 70 substances are directly linked to the causing of cancer.

Around 87% of lung cancer deaths are caused due to smoking.

Cigars, pipe-smoking, menthol cigarettes and all other forms of tobacco can cause cancer and health related problems. There is no safe way of using tobacco. So quit tobacco to save yourself and your loved ones.

Check out – Secret of Indian Fashion and Beauty Stars on YouTube

Stars On Youtuber
Stars On Youtuber
Stars On Youtuber

Stars On Youtuber :- The video of a beauty star on YouTube would generally begin with an energetic formal greeting (especially ‘HELLO GUYS!” or “HELLO PEOPLE!”).

Then the background changes, from the living room to bedroom, sometimes giving a full detour of the house. Along with that the subject also changes from beauty, fashion to philosophies of life.

But one thing always remains the same. It is that the entire video is being done by a single person− from writing the scripts, shooting the video to the editing part.

Nowadays on YouTube, the channels related to beauty and fashion are trending the most. At the third annual fan fest in Mumbai, the Entertainment Head of YouTube India, Satya Raghavan, said that the watch rate of beauty and fashion videos has increased by 138%.

When it is compared to other types of videos, it can be seen that videos of independent musicians has risen by 92% while videos featuring comedy and entertainment has risen by 100%.

This is the reason that four beauty and fashion channels on YouTube which are from India have a total of over 100 million views.

Shruti Arjun Anand was getting bored waiting to get the US work visa in 2011 when she decided to make videos. In 2013 she moved to Noida to become a full-time Stars On Youtuber.

Scherzade Shroff began her first channel ‘Sherry Shroff’ as a creative outlet. Now she successfully runs three channels on YouTube.

Komal Narang’s parents got divorced and she chose the medium of YouTube to share her loneliness through her channel ‘My Happinesz’.

Debasree Banerjee wanted to become a star on YouTube from 2009 when she first learnt about the medium. In 2013, she quit her job and start working on her YouTube channel.

The next door YouTuber

The content of the videos of these beauty Stars On Youtuber are usually found in lifestyle sections of newspaper and magazine. YouTube videos have an advantage over print medium because when it comes to makeup video, there is a friendly relatable face and every step is being broken down into segments.

Moreover, the video is made from the experience of the content creator which makes it more realistic and relatable.

While most of the Stars On Youtuber started with a bad sound, grainy footage and with a poor technical skill; they eventually managed to work on their shortcomings.

Now they have more than one channel. While the main channel is focussed on make-up and fashion, the partner channel deals with the creators’ daily lives or vlogs.

Some of the most popular videos are the one where they show how to mimic a particular celebrity’s look. Moreover, the Question and Answer video, normally offered after reaching a certain number of subscriber base, is also famous.

Getting noticed

Shroff’s first video was a collaboration with the brand Maybelline and by the fifth video, she was interviewing the Bollywood actor Imran Khan.

But it was not the videos with actors that made her famous. The most viewed videos of Shroff are the collaborations with fellow YouTube stars like American fashion blogger Bethany Mota and Indian comedian Kanan Gill.

Shroff was a former model. So getting brand partnerships and views for her earlier videos was never a struggle as she already knew lot of people and had an audience.

On the other hand, Narang did not have a large community of friends and she said that her personalized content did the trick.

Her first video to reach 2000 views was named ‘Up Close & Personal’ where she spoke to a dermatologist recommended cream which burnt her face few days before her engagement.

The million views club

Except Anand, who has 3.9 lakh subscribers, all the other three almost began at the same time. While Shroff has 1.10 lakh subscribers, Narang has 57,000 and banerjee has 56,000 subscribers.

According to Banerjee, it is never the subscriber base but the passion, devotion, and consistency of the creator that makes the channel successful.

Nowadays many brands have realized that social media promotion through the hands of a blogger is an important marketing strategy as they can hit the right target audience unlike the traditional advertisements on TV.

Queens of the screen

Nowadays more and more Indians are turning to YouTube and choosing it as their career option. According to these four stars on YouTube, creating a career out of YouTube has now become easier.

There is a creator space at Whistling Woods (a film school in Mumbai). Moreover, YouTube India organises meeting to guide new people and tell them how to optimise videos and get more viewers easily.

These stars on YouTube have become so famous that even if they do not upload for a single week, their viewers would start writing to them. Sometimes they have to go through sleepless nights and even work on holidays to publish their content on time.

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Apple 13in MacBook Pro Review

Apple 13in MacBook Pro
Apple 13in MacBook Pro
Apple 13in MacBook Pro

Apple 13in MacBook Pro :- In 2016 the MacBook Pro was redesigned and launched, but it had old chips in it− namely Intel’s sixth-generation Core i5 or i7 processor with integrated graphics.

Later the performance was upgraded and brought to par with the use of improved seventh generation Core i5 and i7. But the one thing MacBook Pro didn’t have was a better battery life.

One year later in 2017, the Apple 13in MacBook Pro was re-launched with a better battery life which now matches the hardware specifications and the design.

It is expected that with the new battery life, the Apple 13in MacBook Pro will go almost through an entire day without any charge. Moreover, the new Apple 13in MacBook Pro comes with the seventh generation Intel chips with the new version of MacOS High Sierra.

The 1.37 kg Apple 13in MacBook Pro is a beautiful machine which comes in two different colors of silver and ‘space grey’ aluminum.

The Apple 13in MacBook Pro is 80 g heavier than Dell’s touch-screen XPS 13 and about 160 g lighter than Microsoft’s Surface Book 2.

The Apple 13in MacBook Pro is similar in thickness to Dell’s touch-screen XPS 13 at 15 mm, but is thinner than Surface Book 2 which is 23 mm thick.

The screen of the Apple 13in MacBook Pro is best fitted to be viewed from all good viewing angles and the color and brightness accuracy matches the P3 color space, making it useful to edit images and videos.

The Touch Bar still proves divisive and some of the users say that it slows them down. But there has been a dramatic growth in app support, with most high profile apps benefitting from custom keys.

The addition of Touch ID fingerprint scanner proves to be very useful, but still there a lag as there is no facial recognition as the technology has already been used in iPhone X.

The touchpad which is big and sensitive is said to move awkwardly, but trying it with the power off and it doesn’t move.


  • Screen: 13.3in LCD 2560×1600 (227 pixels per inch)
  • Processor: Intel Core i5 or i7 (7th generation)
  • RAM: 8 or 16 GB
  • Storage: 128, 256, 512 GB or 1 TB
  • Operating system: MacOS High Sierra
  • Camera: 720p FaceTime HD camera
  • Connectivity: Intel Iris 650, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth 4.2, USB-C, Thunderbolt 3, headphone
  • Dimensions: 212.4 x 304.1 x 14.9 mm
  • Weight: 1.37 kg

Longer battery life

The 2017 Apple 13in MacBook Pro has enough battery power to do pretty much anything and with the help of the new MacOS High Sierra, some functions such as moving files, editing photos, videos and creating media are done at a higher speed.

The presence of Intel Iris 650 graphics card ensures a little bit of video editing in 4K which is perfectly acceptable. But if somebody tries to create a heavy video or VR creation, then it might cause some problem.

Moreover, the Apple 13in MacBook Pro is capable of a little bit of gaming. It can be managed to run the graphically demanding XCOM 2 on low detail and resolution settings with acceptable frame rates.

The biggest change in the Apple 13in MacBook Pro is longer battery life which is two hours more than the 2016 MacBook Pro. With the use of MacOS High Sierra, the Apple 13in MacBook Pro can work for eight hours between charges.

This included keeping the brightness of the screen at 70% and keeping 5 to 10 tabs open in Chrome as well as Typora for text, Wire for chat, Macmail for email, Reeder for RSS feeds and Pixelmator for image editing.

Despite all the changes, there is a lack of non USB-C ports. There are four USB-C ports which can support Thunderbolt 3 used for charging the machine.

But the absence of USB-A port used for USB-A flash drive, card reader or similar has not changed. It would be very nice if the next update containing at least one USB-A port.


Beautiful, great screen, Touch Bar, Touch ID, massive trackpad, thin and relatively light, USB-C port, OK battery life.


No USB-A ports, no Ethernet, no native display ports, no upgrading after purchase, very expensive


The Apple 13in MacBook Pro with the Touch Bar costs £1,749 and the one without the Touch Bar costs £1,249.

Dell’s XPS 13 with core i5 costs £1,329. The Microsoft Surface Laptop costs £979 while the Surface Book 2 costs £1,499.

For More information Check our other category below :-







UC Browser Gets Temporarily Delisted On the Play Store

UC Browser
UC Browser
UC Browser

UC Browser :- Internet plays a major role in the life of a person in today’s tech-savvy world. From early morning to late at night, people constantly use the internet for doing their daily work.

To use the internet, a person has to take the help of a web browser. A web browser is a software application used for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.

The most popular web browsers for PC are Chrome, Edge (which was preceded by Internet Explorer), Safari, Opera and Firefox. While for mobile, the UC Browser has gained much popularity.

UC Browser is a web browser designed for mobile by the Chinese mobile Internet Company UCWeb and is owned by Alibaba Group of China.

Originally it was launched as J2ME-only (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) application in April 2004. But later it was made available on a number of platforms including Android, Blackberry OS, iOS, Java ME, Symbian, Windows Phone and Microsoft Windows.

UC Browser is the most used web browser for mobile. It is most popular in India where it has overtaken Chrome as the most-used mobile browser in the country. It was a popular alternative to Google Chrome and has accounted for a market share of around 50 percent.

There is an approximately 420 million user base in this browser globally. It has racked up almost 500 million downloads on the Play Store, with over 100 million coming only from India.

But recently Google has temporarily delisted the UC Browser app from the Google Play Store. Only the UC Browser mini is still listed. The disappearance was first noticed in the Reddit Forum (via Android Authority) and users have some interesting theory regarding the disappearance.

A report suggested that UC Browser was stealing and accumulating sensitive data of users and later sending them back to remote servers in China without the permission of the user.

Another report suggested that due to the malicious redirect ads which the browser uses to increase the installs of the affiliates of the UC Web’s might have triggered Google to take necessary action by delisting the browser from the Play Store.

There is no official statement issued in part of neither Google nor UC Web, but the possibility of the latter report seems to be true. This is because of an email which was received by Android Police founder Artem Russakovskii from UC Union (UC Web’s affiliate network) and it definitely reinforces the latter theory.

The email said−

Dear Partner, We hereby emphasis again that UC Union prohibits any and all misleading/malicious advertising method(s) to procure new users when promoting UC Browser campaigns, such as by using slogan inconsistent with the Product functions, or by using inductive slogan.

DO NOT use the Malicious Promotion method(s) or STOP such behavior immediately if you are acting so.

Upon discovery a Malicious Promotion, UC Union is entitled to

(i) STOP your payment settlement, or DEDUCT your corresponding payment made to you;

(ii) compensation in recovery of the loss suffered by UC Union, including but not limited to loss of UC Union’s good will, loss of users of UC Union Product(s), removal of UC Union Product(s) from Google Play or Apple Store, and any other loss as a result of your Malicious Promotion;

(iii) Require you to CLARIFY the facts for elimination of the negative impact shed upon UC Union

(iv) Resort to any other legal measures if necessary.

UC Union is looking forward to cooperating and developing with you in a healthy UC Union ecosphere.

A twitter user named Mike Ross, who works with the UC Browser also posted a tweet which explains the similar reason. The tweet said−

I work for UC Browser, I got mail today morning it said that UC Browser was temporarily removed from play store for 30 days because it used “Misleading” and “Unhealthy” methods of promotion to increase installs.

— Mike Ross (@SKz_14) November 14, 2017

It seems that the takedown of the app is a temporary issue and the app would be fixed and would be back in the store in 30 days.

Nowadays Google is taking strict action against apps who are using malicious and dubious tricks to increase its install base and those who are spreading ad malware and stealing user information.

The ‘Verified by Play Protect’ feature introduced by Google ensures that a user’s phone is protected from all the harmful apps.

For More information Check our other category below :-







4 Eye-Catching Updates Done By Mozilla Firefox Quantum

Mozilla Firefox Quantum
Mozilla Firefox Quantum
Mozilla Firefox Quantum

Mozilla Firefox Quantum :- In today’s world of tech-savvy generation, internet plays a major role. From early morning to late at night, people constantly use the internet for doing their daily work.

To use the internet, a person has to take the help of a web browser. A web browser is a software application used for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.

The most popular web browsers are Chrome, Edge (which was preceded by Internet Explorer), Safari, Opera and Firefox.

Mozilla Firefox is a free and open-source web browser which was developed by the Mozilla Foundation and was released in the market on September 23, 2002.

Upon its release, it took the market from Internet Explorer as the latter was too slow and took time to load a particular website.

But when Google introduces a new freeware web, named Google Chrome, in September 2, 2008, Firefox faced some serious problems.

Since the past nine years, with its speed and simplicity, Google Chrome has mostly convinced many users to switch from whatever browser they are using. But with the recent update, Firefox is hoping to regain some of its lost markets.

After 13 years, Mozilla has come up with an updated version of its browser. It is named Mozilla Firefox Quantum or Firefox 57.

Though the beta version is out in the market, users have experienced that at the top level, Mozilla Firefox Quantum promises twice the speed than Chrome and moreover it takes less memory than Chrome. Here are some of the features of Mozilla Firefox Quantum.

  • It is faster

Mozilla Firefox Quantum is way too fast than its predecessor. Even if there are more than a number of tabs opened and online interactive apps like maps and email clients are opened, it takes just a snap to load pages.

From the moment a person types a URL in the address bar, he can notice the significant increase in the speed from the loading of the page to its responsiveness.

All this has been possible due to the change in the web rendering machine, which is also named Quantum. This machine has replaced the previous engine, named Gecko, which was used in the previous version of Firefox.

This is the first time Firefox has taken the advantage as the new machine Quantum splits the processing duties of multiple cores and it is optimized to work better on the newer hardware.

  • It has good looks

Apart from getting improvements in its performance, the Mozilla Firefox Quantum has also got an upgrade in its designs. The design is more clean and modern than all the previous versions of Firefox.

The modern look includes clear looks of the boxes and icons, while the rough edges have been shredded off. There is a distinct contrast between the active tab and the other tabs.

Along with the dark and light alternatives in the theme, there is an even distribution in the settings as it is well-spaced and laid out in a clear manner.

The pages containing the Extensions and Themes have the same layout. The Mozilla Firefox Quantum gives the extra added polish and simplicity which its predecessors lacked.

  • It is streamlined

Apart from the visual improvements, the Mozilla Firefox Quantum gives a new experience to the whole browsing scenario. For the first time the address bar and the search box can be combined into one.

At the top, a new library button has been added which can hold all the Bookmarks, History, Downloads, and all other important key components that are needed on a daily basis. This makes the interface a whole lot and allows easy access.

Moreover, if a person is using a Windows PC which has a touchscreen, the buttons and menus in the Mozilla Firefox Quantum get bigger and chunkier when it is touched.

  • It has some extra bonus features

Along with all the new features which the Mozilla Firefox Quantum has received due to the update, there are some features which are totally new to the world of web browsers.

Apart from all the new additions, the feature of taking screenshots is the coolest of them all. There is a tool in the right corner of the address bar of the Mozilla Firefox Quantum browser which allows the user to take clippings of the webpage.

There are options to take a snap of the whole page or take the snap of the part that is visible. The clippings can later be seen by the user when needed.

For More information Check our other category below :-







Four Ways to Focus on Your Health and Wellness

health and wellness
health and wellness
health and wellness

health and wellness :- Good health is indeed the wealthiest possession of a person. Nothing can give the peak of satisfaction a sound and good health can give.

Our body is like a temple and good health and wellness is the god within which needs to be taken care of from time to time.

Good health and wellness does not necessarily mean having a great physique from the outside. It also means having a healthy mind and lifestyle from the inside.

Here are the four ways by which one can focus on their health and wellness.

Having a balanced diet

A diet comprising of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals in the right amount should be taken.

There should be a balance between the right amounts of all the ingredients. Too much carbohydrate or fats could lead to obesity. While lesser amounts of vitamins and minerals can lead to diseases.

Along with a balanced diet, milk and other dairy products should be consumed. Milk is itself treated as a complete diet and is essential for good health and wellness.

Apart from all of these it is equally important to take enough amounts of fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables are the storehouse of minerals and vitamins.

Apples are extremely rich in important antioxidants which reduce the risks of developing cancer, hypertension, diabetes and heart disease.

Having green vegetables and fruits is a must to have a healthy lifestyle. These are a storehouse of vitamins and minerals which is very helpful for our body.

Oranges and lemons are rich in Vitamin C which is essential to repair and maintain cartilage, bones and teeth.

Mangoes and papayas are rich in beta carotene and help in the oxidation of LDL cholesterol. This prevents atherosclerosis, heart attacks or strokes.

Dry fruits such as figs, dates, apricots and raisins act as excellent laxative and are a great natural remedy for anaemic conditions.

Apart from protecting us from many diseases, fruits and vegetables gives our skin a natural texture and glow.

Having adequate amount of water

Water is the most essential component for all the bodily functions. It helps to remove waste products, carry essential nutrients and oxygen throughout the body.

Having less amounts of water can lead to disruption in the bodily functions. Our body loses water at a constant rate− be it sweating or urine or by stool. So to maintain proper health and wellness the amount of water should be replenished at all times.

Water leads to proper digestion of food and eases the bowel movements of our body. It also leads to softening of the stool.

Having more amounts of water can lead to loss of weight. This is because having more amounts of water will kill the need of getting food and it turn will lead to loss in body weight.

So more proper health and wellness one must have the right amount of water needed for our body. Besides this, purified water which is devoid of any germs should always be used for drinking.

Getting enough sleep

Our body is like a machine which needs rest after hours of working. Sleep is body’s natural way of getting rest from the daily curriculum.

Getting around 8 hours of daily sleep contributes to a good health and wellness. It refreshes the body and makes it prepare for the next day’s activities.

Lack of proper amount of sleep can lead to cell decay and crunching of the skin leading to premature aging which is never a good sign.

Have a healthy mind and restrain from bad habits

It is true that real beauty always comes from within. Along with a healthy body a healthy mind is needed for a better health and wellness.

Meditation is great way to achieve a healthy mind. Meditation calms the mind and quietens the soul which leads to inner peace.

Negativity and having a depressed mind can lead to an unhappy life. Choosing the right bunch of friends and living a life of purpose can bring positivity and hence contributes to a healthy lifestyle.

Bad habits like smoking and consumption of alcohol should be avoided at all times.

Alcohol has a bad effect on brain, liver and other major organs. It affects the cerebellum and leads to loss of control. Excess intake of alcohol can cause liver cirrhosis.

Smoking has a wide range of bad effects. From plaque to cancer, it is the reason for most of the deaths caused from cancer.

So in order to have a good health and wellness one should definitely stop smoking and reduce the consumption of alcohol.

5G Specifications Wireless Technology

5g specifications wireless technology
5g specifications wireless technology
5g specifications wireless technology

5g specifications wireless technology :- By each passing day, the world of technology takes a giant leap forward. And when it comes to the matter of wireless technology, it has been progressing by leaps and bounds.

In the year of 1982, Nordic Mobile Telephone introduced the first 1G system. Since then 2G came in 1992 followed by 3G in 2001 and 4G in 2012.

Since the successful implementation of 4G technology and the initial release of LTE in Scandinavia in 2009, NASA has partnered with Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corporation for the development of 5G technology.

Recently the official name and logo has been announced by the 3GPP cellular standards group and it has been confirmed that 5G will be the official successor of 4G.

The 5G technology will be IoT-focussed (Internet of Things) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has released some specifications regarding the 5G wireless technology.

High data rate

It has been said that for every mobile base station, there will be at least 20Gbps downlink and 10Gbps uplink available. It is the total capacity that can be handled by a single cell.

This is to say that in a fixed wireless broadband connection, users will be getting this amount of speed in a point-to-point connection.

This further indicates that these 20 gigabits of data will be split between all the users connected to a specific cell.

Connection density

Another great specification of 5G wireless technology is that it has a dense connectivity. The 5G connection can provide service to at least 1 million connected devices in a square kilometre.

This means that it will be super efficient and will provide a better performing network at a lower investment cost.

Mobility of 5G

The connectivity of wireless devices gets disruptive whenever a user travels at a very fast pace, especially in trains.

From time to time companies have been trying to solve this problem and the recent breakthrough was achieved with the 4G technology service.

The 4G technology can support everything even at a speed of 200 km/hr. Similarly to the LTE and LTE-Advanced, the 5G technology will support anything from 0 km/hr to almost 500 km/hr.

Apart from this, the specification of 5g specifications wireless technology will reach into the deep urban and rural areas also. This will help the remote people to get access to hassle-free network.

Energy efficiency

Another great specification of the 5g specifications wireless technology is that it is highly energy efficient. From a state of high load it can drop into a low energy mode within moments.

For this to happen the control plane latency should be as low as 10ms, which means that a 5G enabled device would switch from high load stage to battery efficient stage within 10ms.


Latency is the time between a stimulated cause and the response it provides. LTE cells boasted of a latency of 20ms.

In case of 5g specifications wireless technology, the maximum latency would be just 4ms. Apart from that, the 5G connection will have a latency of just 1ms for ultra reliable low latency communications (URLLC).

Spectral efficiency

Spectral efficiency means how many bits the technology can carry through the air per hertz of spectrum.

5G’s peak spectral efficiency is very close to the LTE-Advanced. It has a downlink of nearly 30 bits/Hz and for uplink, it is almost 15 bits/Hz.

These figures can be assumed as 8×4 MIMO (Multiple-input and Multiple-output), which is 8 spatial layers down and 4 spatial layers up.

Super fast mobile network

Thanks to densely clustered small cells in 5G connection, that will ensure a super high-speed connection. This will lead to a continuous coverage the urban and rural areas.

This could be possible due to the access to a spectrum under 4 GHz, perhaps via the world’s first global implementation of Dynamic Spectrum Access.

Fiber-wireless network

Another specification of 5G technology is its converged fibre-wireless network which is a first time for wireless internet access.

The millimetre wave bands (20 − 60 GHz) would allow the very wide bandwidth radio channels to support access speeds of up to 10 GB/s.

The real-world data rate

In the real world, the speed of the wireless connectivity will increase dramatically due to the new specifications of 5G technology.

The user can have a download speed of almost 100 Mbps and an upload speed of 50Mbps. With this speed there will be an increase in reliability and a decrease in drop-outs.

For More information Check our other category below :-







5 Types of Medical Marijuana for Pain Relief have a look

Medical Marijuana
Medical Marijuana
Medical Marijuana

Among all aliments and pain, chronic pain can be the most uncomfortable one. It is one of the many reasons that patients seek out for medical marijuana these days.

Whether it is inflammation, headaches, neuropathic pain, muscle soreness, spinal injury, fibromyalgia or cramps, medical marijuana can do wonders.

How does medical marijuana help?

According to a report of NASEM, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), the cannabinoid compounds that come from the cannabis plant, are very effective for treatment of pain.

This happens due to the natural cannabinoid receptors present in our body that play a role in pain control.

Different types of medical marijuana strains

There are dozens of medical marijuana strains that are available in the market. So it is important for the patient to choose the right kind of strain which would be effective for the pain.

Here are the top 5 medical marijuana strains which are considered the best worldwide.

  1. White Widow

White Widow is a hybrid medical marijuana strain which is derived from two different strains− South Indian Indica and South American, which is a Sativa strain.

This medical marijuana strain acts as an excellent pain reliever uplifting the patient’s mood and gives him energy as well as a euphoric feeling.

It is used for the treatment of stress, depression and lack of appetite. Due to its ability to leave the patient in a state of euphoria, it is often used for the treatment of mental illness.

  1. Blue Dream

The name of this medical marijuana strain has come from its taste of fruity flavour which is similar to that of a blueberry. Smokers enjoy the taste of it.

This medical marijuana strain is a hybrid cross between the Sativa Haze and Blueberry Indica.

The THC content present in the Blue Dream falls in the range of 17-24% while CBD content ranges from 0.1-0.2%.

Blue Dream is a significant reliever of pain and is used for the treatment of depression and stress relief.

  1. Bubba Kush

This medical marijuana strain is derived from the land of Hindu Kush and this unique strain offers smokers an earthy flavour.

As it is based on Indica, apart from relieving pain, it provides relaxation and an effect of sleepiness to those who enjoy it.

This medical marijuana strain has a THC content ranging in between 14-22% and the content of CBD ranges from 0.6-1%.

It is considered as an alternative to sleeping aids, such as valium, and is considered as the marijuana sleeping pill.

It is very effecting in treating insomnia and does wonders during bedtime relieving the smoker of stress and depression.

  1. AK−47

This has nothing to do with the rifle of the very same name. This marijuana strain is a mixture of different strains which includes South American, Mexican, Thai Sativa strains and Afghani Indica strain.

This medical marijuana strain is not only effective in relieving pain. But it also eliminates any kind of stress and manages the level of depression.

As this is a Sativa dominant strain, it is an excellent provider of upliftment of energy. So it would be very wise not to smoke this before going to sleep.

  1. Jack Herer

This medical marijuana strain is named after the cannabis activist, Jack Herer, himself. And like the activist, this cannabis strain is also very effective.

This strain is made by the crossing of other strains such as Shiva Skunk, Northern Lights and a Haze Hybrid.

The THC content of this medical strain falls between 18-23%. While the CBD content ranges between 0.03-0.2%.

This powerful medical marijuana strain, with the benefits of Sativa, helps in the treatment of depression, lack of appetite and fatigue in addition to the removal of pain.

How to consume these medical marijuana strains

The consumption of these strains depends totally on personal preference. While one would prefer to turn these strains into blunt cones or joints, while another would prefer taking the hit from a bong.

Apart from these, the other ways to enjoy the consumption of medical marijuana are as follows−

  • Dabbing− This is a flash-vaporization technique which includes inhaling the vapours of butane hash oil (BHO) which gives an intense high feeling.
  • Vaporizers− Consumption through a vaporizer with as much as 80% THC would act as a pain reliever without causing any harm to the lungs.
  • Edibles− The marijuana can also be consumed as a weed brownie or cookie. A few drops of Cannabis oil can also be used while cooking.

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Some Tips That Make Your Business Productive

Business Productive
Business Productive
Business Productive

The world of business is a fast-paced world. The possibility of success and failure changes constantly. One has to quickly adjust himself to adapt accordingly to become successful in the world of business. The first and foremost criterion to make a business productive is to build the adequate amount of communication among the employees of the organization.

Better communication among the members can lead to free flow of ideas and the birth of new thoughts which can make the business productive.

In every business institution, each employee is assigned to a certain department in which he is most capable of. The process of division of labor reduces stress on a certain employee and increases the effectiveness of work.

To make a business productive, the effectiveness of work and team effort is most necessary. Business is like a game of tug of war, where teamwork is needed for achieving the desired success. For this trust and co-operation is mostly needed.

Apart from all the personal effort, with the help of advanced technology, one can make his business productive. Here are some of the tools that can make a business productive.

  • GrooveJar

In today’s world of online trading, it is important to drive traffic to one’s website for the sale of a product. But actual business is done when that traffic is converted and business is being done.

For most of the websites, the conversion rate is not only 3 percent. This means that 97 percent of the traffic leaves the website without making any purchase.

GrooveJar is a tool that optimizes the conversion rate of a website. It can optimize the 3 percent conversion rate to 4, 5 or even 6 percent. This can have a major impact on a business and can make a business productive.

GrooveJar provides several tools that can help in the collection of email, highlight the social proof and determine the fact why most of the traffic is leaving the website without making any purchase.

Optimization can also be a hands-on process as it includes test and experiments with various ranges of variables, fonts, colors, images and more.

But with the help of GrooveJar, the conversion rate becomes higher. The tool can drive up sales and can even work on autopilot, giving the user more time to focus on other areas of business.

  • Evernote

Say goodbye to handwritten notes, changing them into files and storing them in big cabinets. Those days are simply gone.

Evernote is a digital file cabinet where everything notes and documents can be stored. It also has the option to search and find documents whenever necessary.

Apart from that, with the help of Evernote, documents and files can be shared among colleagues, team members or collaborators and with whoever has the access to the files.

As the files are stored in the cloud, they can be viewed from anywhere with internet access using the tool’s app, website and desktop download.

Evernote can make a business productive as it gives the ability to tag specific keywords, acronyms, highlights and much more in the text so that they can never get lost.

Moreover, links, tables, attachments, checklists, audio recordings, handwritten notes and other types of media can all be added through Evernote.

  • ToDoist

Project management is a work with many hassles. From delegating responsibilities and information among colleagues to disseminating information, something always falls through the cracks.

With the tool ToDoist, project management becomes very easy. This tool prevents tasks from falling through by keeping track of every progress of the work.

Through this tool, one can see who is working on what part of the project and can even assess whether the person is capable of doing the work himself.

This means that there is a transparency in the whole work and the owner can easily control the whereabouts of the project through this tool, which makes his business productive.

  • Trello

Certain officials are assigned in an organization to mark the progress of a work. They mark the project from the beginning stage to its completion.

The work of Trello is the same, only it does the work digitally. The tool’s process is to put sticky notes and move them down the pipeline from ‘in progress’ to ‘done’.

Many business organizations use Trello to manage their content marketing. They create markers like ‘idea’, ‘first draft’, ‘second draft’, ‘edit’, ‘publish’ and much more to track the progress of their content. The tool Trello ensures that only the best quality content can get published to the blog.

Some Branding Mistakes You Should Avoid

branding mistakes
branding mistakes
branding mistakes

Whether you have a big, medium or a small business, the branding mistakes of your organization is the most important thing you should consider if you want to get successful.

Branding is very much important, as it helps to present your business in a certain light. Branding includes everything− from logo designing, packaging, text, font, website to right down to your business cards.

Many times, we come across news of a large business making enormous mistakes basically based on branding mistakes. While the small businesses are often met with the same fate, due to their small venture they never get any focus.

Most of the companies are likely to collapse due to the branding mistakes or the owners not understanding the importance of branding. Studies show that 63% of South African businesses collapse within two years, all thanks to the branding mistakes.

Many people think that ‘brands’ are always large and easily recognizable like Nike, Coca-Cola, Harley Davidson, etc. But like every business which was small once, a brand is also made from a scratch.

Here are some of the branding mistakes which should be avoided by all businessmen with a little bit of thought and planning.

  • Choosing a bad business name

What’s in a name? The most fatal branding mistake is made if the business name is chosen wrong. A lot of jokes, memes and wrong king of glances and gestures would be made towards the business if a wrong name is chosen.

Sometimes the names may become outdated or become too racist or sexist. While sometimes it might not make any sense in another country or language.

Naming a business is like naming your own baby which takes strategic process and thought. Think of such a name which would reflect the purpose and identity of the business. Moreover it should not be a cliché as it drives away the craze.

  • Being inconsistent

Another branding mistake is changing the aspects of the branding, like logo or font style, frequently. An inconsistent brand gives out the wrong message of being untrustworthy.

Moreover there should be sync between the various aspects of branding. The company name, logo, tag line, bio should be identical in all the websites, business cards or packaging.

  • Being miserly or penny pinching

Many businesses try to cut short and save every resource from wherever they see possible. The first place they get their hands to is their office. This is another type of branding mistake.

No customer would be pleased to walk into an office with poor lighting and decorations, like second-hand fan or broken chairs, etc. All of these give an impression that the business is not well-off and no customer would want to invest in an unsuccessful business.

Moreover the employees of the office should also be taken good care of. This would give them a sense of security and happiness that their satisfaction would lead to the way they treat the customers.

  • Not understanding your market

To make a business successful, the foremost thing a businessman should do is understand and anticipate the market in which he is working.

For your brand to be successful one should understand the needs and necessities of the target market. For this one has to do a lot of research and send out questionnaires to find out to find out what the target market wants and likewise has to develop the brand around those needs.

Moreover every new businessman should learn to distinguish between good and bad advice. If the person is new in the world of business, he should study and gather as much knowledge as he can.

Initially a bit of help can be appreciated. But a poor consultant will get paid to give poor advices which could lead to the downfall of the business.

  • Changing the brand and trying to be ‘hip’

Some companies make the mistake of transforming their classic and conservative brand into a more hip, cool or funky brand to attract more customers.

Well this is another form of branding mistake as this transformation is never going to be easy. Customers who have gotten used to the previous brand would find uncomfortable adjusting to the new one.

Moreover one should not change the brand name just to have a new image. If the sales are falling or the company wants to go into a new direction, then the rebranding could be a good suggestion.

  • Not keeping it simple and unique

Another branding mistake is complicating the brand. Most successful business knows the value of simplicity. The right choice of letters and words can bring out the simplicity. Once the brand is made, it should be enforced throughout the company.

It is always advisable to keep the brand name unique and not follow the law of herd mentality. The uniqueness of the brand can be the intriguing selling point to the path of success.

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