How Does a Personal Injury Lawsuit Work?

How Does a Personal Injury Lawsuit Work

Do you or someone you love suffer from an injury that was caused at work? Are you wondering about your rights?

Most people work hard to earn money, support families, and provide the best for their loved ones. Unfortunately, accidents happen on the job, and it might cause serious injuries to workers.

Passion up with a personal injury lawyer who is well-trained to help you with your case. Here is a complete guide on how a personal injury lawsuit works.

Take a look at the following points to know more.

During The Consultation

A personal injury lawsuit is a civil action taken against an individual or organization that has caused someone harm. To begin the process, victims must consult a personal injury lawyer. During the consultation phase, the attorney will review the facts of the case, overview all possible legal solutions, and then advise the client on the best course of action.

If a personal injury claim is recommended, the lawyer will draft a complaint and file it in the appropriate court, such as a state or federal court. An experienced attorney will also get the necessary paperwork in order to begin negotiations with the other party’s insurance company. If you have questions for a pedestrian accident, seek legal advice from a qualified attorney.

Filing a Complaint

This is a document that identifies the parties involved and articulates the plaintiff’s legal claim. Along with the complaint, the plaintiff must also file a summons which is a writ indicating the plaintiff intends to bring suit against the named defendant. The complaint must include a specific statement of complaint, usually an allegation of negligence, and a summary of the damages sought by the plaintiff.

Serving the Defendant

Serving the defendant in these cases is an important step in filing a lawsuit as it informs the defendant of the plaintiff’s claim and gives the defendant a chance to defend themselves. There are several ways in which the defendant can be served, including by hand delivery from a process server, mail, or electronically registered mail.

Each state has its own specific rules that must be followed when serving the defendant, so consulting a lawyer for the best outcome is recommended. After the defendant has been served, they typically have 30 days to respond to the complaint with an answer, or else the plaintiff will get a default judgment.


During discovery, both parties have the opportunity to obtain evidence and information from the other side as well as witnesses and experts. Generally, the plaintiff is the party initiating the discovery process; however, both parties have the right to provide and receive information relevant to their cases.

This can come in many forms, such as obtaining medical records, statements from witnesses, accident reports, and other documents. Once discovery is complete, attorneys will be able to provide the court with a comprehensive understanding of the facts and each party’s claims.

Settlement Negotiation

To recover damages from an injury, the plaintiff must file a personal injury lawsuit against the responsible party. This process involves legal claims such as negligence, strict liability, and intentional harm. Settlement negotiation is an important process often used before or after a personal injury lawsuit is filed.

Negotiation requires parties to discuss their interests and argue for their positions. Settlement negotiation often leads to a settlement agreement, which is a contract between both parties in which one agrees to provide money or other compensation.

Pre-trial Motions

A copy of the complaint will then be delivered to the defendant, who has a certain amount of time to respond. Before the lawsuit goes to trial, both parties have the opportunity to engage in pretrial motions. These motions involve the parties asking the court to grant certain decisions in their favor regarding elements of the case, such as the evidence or witnesses.

Pretrial motions can take the form of a request for a summary judgment, a motion to dismiss, a motion to change venue, or a motion for sanctions. The parties will attend hearings on the motions and ultimately, a judge will render a ruling for or against either party.


During Discovery, both parties (the plaintiff and defendant) exchange information and documents. The next phase is the Pretrial stage, which includes activities such as depositions, mediation, motions, and hearings. After answering written questions and depositions, the parties may attempt to negotiate a settlement.

If the parties can’t reach an agreement, then the case may go to a jury trial. During the trial, both parties present evidence, call expert and witness testimony, and argue their case.

Verdict and Judgment

Once the trial of a personal injury lawsuit is complete, the jury (or the judge if it is a bench trial) will deliver a “verdict and judgment”. The verdict is the jury’s finding of facts, while the judgment is the court’s decision based on the verdict—which could be a ruling that the defendant must pay damages to the plaintiff.

After the trial, the court will enter an official judgment setting forth the amount of damages to be paid to the plaintiff. The defendant must then comply with the judgment; if they fail to do so, the plaintiff may file an enforcement action in court. The court may also require the defendant to pay the plaintiff’s costs and attorney’s fees associated with the lawsuit.


A personal injury lawsuit generally begins when a person reports the injury to their attorney and agrees to pursue legal action. During the lawsuit, both parties will work to argue their point and provide evidence to the court. If one party is unsatisfied with the ruling, they have the option to file an appeal in a higher court.

An appeal is essentially a request for a higher court to review a lower court’s ruling. In order to be successful, the higher court needs to find that legal errors were made and that the result would have been different with those errors corrected.

Find The Best Personal Injury Lawsuit!

Personal injury lawsuits can significantly impact the lives of individuals as well as those closest to them. These legal processes have different steps and timelines that should be understood in order to have a successful claim. For more detailed instructions and sound decision-making, it is important to work with a trusted personal injury attorney. So, if you or a loved one have been involved in a preventable accident, contact a local law firm to explore your options.

Was this post useful to you? If it was, please read our blog for more great content.

How Does a Personal Injury Lawsuit Work? was last modified: by