Who Is The Father Of Geography? Know About Him
The word Geography is consist of two Greek words. “Geo” in Greek means “Earth” in English and “Grapho” in Greek means ” Description” in English, which means Description of the Earth. Hence an ancient Greek mathematician, Eratosthenes is known as Father Of Geography. So, here in this article, I am going to give you information about Father Of Geography Eratosthenes. So, let’s know more about Eratosthenes…
Eratosthenes: Father Of Geography:
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Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 276 BCE–192 or 194 BCE) was an old Greek mathematician, writer, and astronomer who is known as the dad of geography. Eratosthenes was the primary individual to utilize “geology” and other topographical terms that are still being used today, and his endeavors to ascertain the circuit of the Earth and the good ways from the Earth to the Sun made ready for our cutting edge comprehension of the universe. Among his other numerous achievements were the formation of the main guide of the world and the creation of a calculation known as the sifter of Eratosthenes, which is utilized to distinguish prime numbers. Eratosthenes is the father of geography.
Eratosthenes was conceived around 276 BCE in a Greek province in Cyrene, a region situated in present-day Libya. He was instructed at the foundations of Athens and in 245 BCE, in the wake of procuring consideration for his aptitudes, he was welcomed by Pharaoh Ptolemy III to run the Great Library at Alexandria in Egypt. This was a noteworthy chance, and Eratosthenes was eager to acknowledge the position.
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While filling in as the head custodian and researcher at the Library of Alexandria, Eratosthenes composed a thorough treatise about the world, which he called “Topography.” This was the primary utilization of the word, which in Greek signifies “expounding on the world.” Eratosthenes’ work presented the ideas of torrid, mild, and sub-zero atmosphere zones. His map of the world, however exceptionally off base, was the first of its sort, highlighting a network of parallels and meridians used to gauge separates between various areas. Despite the fact that Eratosthenes’ unique “Topography” did not endure, present-day researchers comprehend what it contained gratitude to reports by Greek and Roman history specialists.
Calculating the Circumference of the Earth:
Eratosthenes’ most famous contribution to science was his calculation of the circumference of the Earth, which he completed while working on the second volume of his “Geography.”
In his maturity, Eratosthenes wound up visually impaired and he kicked the bucket of self-instigated starvation in either 192 or 196 BCE in Alexandria, Egypt. He lived to be around 80 to 84 years of age.